Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in the geriatric population of Chhattisgarh- A real world evidence


Original Article

Author Details : Deepti Patel*, Nikita Agrawal

Volume : 9, Issue : 3, Year : 2021

Article Page : 146-150

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.idjsr.2021.027



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Abstract

Introduction: Patients with oral mucosal diseases are known to encounter severe and life-threatening symptoms, preventing them from eating and drinking, and influencing daily life in many ways. They may even serve threat to interpersonal relationships, appearance and an individual’s positive self-image.
Aim: We aimed to search out the prevalence and to achieve more knowledge about oral soft tissue lesions in the geriatric Chhattisgarh Population and possibly identify new avenues of research in this area.  
We also aimed to make available this baseline data about the magnitude of the oral diseases for planning National / State / Regional health programs to formulate strategies to prevent & treat these lesions.
Materials and Methods: It is a Prospective and observational correlation study, performed in an exceedingly period of two years which included the individuals of age 60 years and above from the Chhattisgarh Population. The chosen individuals were then screened for the presence of oral mucosal normal variations by 3 individual examiners and the diagnosis was rendered.
Results: In the present study, the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions was found to be 80 %. The most prevalent lesion was found to be smoker’s palate (26.6%) followed by smoker’s melanosis (17.01%), leukoplakia (8.5%), angular cheilitis (3.7%), tobacco pouch keratosis (3.2%), carcinoma (2.1%), oral submucous fibrosis (1.9%), fibroma (1.4%), gingival enlargement (0.7%), candidiasis (0.4%) ulcer (0.2%), erythema multiforme (0.14%), mucocele (0.14%), and herpes (0.14%). 
Conclusion: The results show that Bidi associated lesions are more prevalent in our population. A high prevalence of some lesions in this population commands national programs toward oral health awareness. Although some recent curbs have been put on the manufacture, sale and advertisements of gutka and pan masala, further education is necessary to reduce or eliminate the use of these preparations.
 
Keywords: Oral Medicine and Radiology


How to cite : Patel D, Agrawal N, Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in the geriatric population of Chhattisgarh- A real world evidence. Int Dent J Stud Res 2021;9(3):146-150


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Int Dent J Stud Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 11-09-2021

Accepted : 30-09-2021

Available online : 16-10-2021


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Article DOI

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.idjsr.2021.027


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